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Zeszyt Naukowy (51)

We are pleased to present a new issue of the Scientific Journal (No 51) of the School of Banking and Management. The authors approach the issues from different and interdisciplinary...

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8Jun

#Zeszyt Naukowy (51)

We are pleased to present a new issue of the Scientific Journal (No 51) of the School of Banking and Management. The authors approach the issues from different and interdisciplinary angles, which...

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Articles

4. EFFICIENCY AS THE MAIN GUIDANCE FOR LAW MAKERS

Economic analysis of law as an interdisciplinary field of study focuses on law and the description of legal institutions and phenomena with the application of the tools of economics. The evaluation of law with the use of the research tools and conceptual apparatus of microeconomics is conducted from the point of view of such criteria as effectiveness. This is an indicator that explains legal rules from the economic perspective and enables the prediction of the results of particular solutions applied. Thus, according to the author, effectiveness should be the principle guideline for lawmakers. Nevertheless, it should not be absolutely superior to other competitive goals of law. The article presents the relation of the concept of economic effectiveness in the theory of law and economics by giving particular examples of the application of the measure of effectiveness in selected fields of law. The author illustrates the usefulness of this thesis and its role in present-day legislation.

1. RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS OF SUGAR INDUSTRY IN POLAND IN 1989-2018

The economic development of sugar industry in Poland depends on the policies of the Polish government and EC. The aim of the article is to present the transformation of the industry in Poland since 1989 and to suggest an economically justified direction of its development in Poland. The article consists of three parts. Part 1 includes a periodization of the sugar industry development in Poland during the transformation and its division into III stages. Stage 1: deregulation of sugar industry and market protectionism in 1989-1993; stage II: regulation of sugar beet production and open market from 1994 to 1 October, 2107; stage III: deregulation of sugar beet production and the regulated market, the consolidation of state-owned food companies, which started symbolically on 1st October 2017 – the abolition of sugar quota). Part 2 of the article presents the transformation of the ownership structure in the Polish sugar industry. Part 3 is devoted to the quota-free system (1989-1994 and f


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